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The EU has a brand new weapon within the inventory market battle

The world’s oldest inventory market is on a sizzling streak. Amsterdam has profited from the upheaval sown by Brexit to surpass London because the busiest European equities market.

Euronext Amsterdam, to make use of its official identify, has additionally benefited from guidelines permitting prospectuses in English, entry to broader liquidity by means of the opposite six exchanges beneath the identical possession, and openness to improvements resembling particular objective acquisition autos. This yr it hit a brand new excessive in cash raised by means of preliminary public choices. The biotech firm BenevolentAI plans to record there by way of the continent’s largest deliberate Spac merger despite the fact that it’s primarily based in London.

To make sure, the London Inventory Trade is combating again. It nonetheless hosts considerably extra IPOs in complete, and Shell not too long ago introduced plans to scrap the Dutch half of its twin itemizing and transfer its tax residence and all its shares to London.

For all this drama, the rivalry between Amsterdam and London largely misses the purpose. The true motion has more and more moved elsewhere. Europe as a complete is being left within the mud by the US and the Chinese language and Hong Kong markets in fairness buying and selling, company bond issuance and just about each different metric that issues.

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US markets have hosted 954 IPOs in 2021, whereas all of the exchanges within the EU and UK mixed have seen 389, based on Dealogic. Domestically listed Asia Pacific and American firms have every grown considerably as a share of complete world market capitalisation since 2006, whereas European firms (together with these within the UK and Switzerland) shrank from 30 to 17 per cent of the full, based on New Monetary, a think-tank.

“The long term developments are fairly scary,” says William Wright, its managing director. “US markets and Asian markets have a way more vibrant financial hinterland.”

Europe doesn’t lack progressive start-ups. However world buyers have traditionally discounted their income potential relative to rivals elsewhere as a result of the continent’s economies are rising extra slowly and nationwide borders make it tougher for firms to scale up.

Now the EU has an opportunity to vary the narrative that it can’t afford to overlook. Within the first 9 months of this yr, European start-ups drew 19 per cent of world enterprise capital funding, up from 13 per cent in 2020. Europe seems to be interesting partly by comparability. China is cracking down on international funding and know-how teams and plenty of personal US teams have eye-watering valuations.

However it additionally displays the EU and the UK’s rising success in areas resembling fintech and biotech. The overwhelming majority of this yr’s VC cash is late-stage funding, which has greater than tripled this yr to $60bn. Meaning lots of the recipients will quickly be seeking to go public.

Traditionally, lots of the strongest teams have been drawn to US exchanges by a deep investor pool and extra lively buying and selling, significantly amongst retail buyers. Previously 5 years, 60 EU and UK firms have listed within the US, whereas solely 16 firms did the reverse, Dealogic says.

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British policymakers are scrambling to make the UK extra engaging. The Monetary Conduct Authority modified its Spac guidelines in August and final week finalised a broad overhaul of the itemizing regime aimed toward wooing entrepreneurial firms. Founders who selected to record on the premium part of the market will likely be allowed to carry shares with enhanced voting rights and make simply 10 per cent of shares accessible to the general public, down from 25 per cent.

The EU’s measurement provides it pure benefits. Brussels has talked for years a few true cross-border marketplace for monetary providers with out delivering. Such a capital markets union would make it simpler for firms to lift cash at residence. It not too long ago proposed the creation of dwell databases, often known as consolidated tapes, to unify a patchwork of greater than 400 buying and selling venues. The incoming German authorities’s enthusiasm has given this a shot within the arm. However speedy motion is required and never simply on inventory market guidelines.

“Europe must allow quicker scaling of corporations throughout borders. As harmonisation of administration, taxation, guidelines, and regulation throughout 27 international locations takes time, it’s possible you’ll want a typical overlay or sandbox the place fast-growth firms can agree to fulfill European requirements after which enter all EU international locations without delay,” says Jan Mischke of the McKinsey World Institute.

If Brussels drops the ball, Amsterdam’s victory over London will likely be a hole one.

brooke.masters@ft.com

Comply with Brooke Masters with myFT and on Twitter


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